Amavasya Tithi Shraddha (death anniversary) is done for those deceased family members who died on Amavasya Tithi, Purnima Tithi and Chaturdashi Tithi.
If someone is not able to perform shraddham [death anniversary] on all tithis then single shraddha (for all) on this day is enough to appease all deceased souls in the family. If death anniversary of ancestors is not known or forgotten then those shraddhas can be performed on this tithi. That’s why amavasyais also known as sarvapitra moksha amavasya.
All the manes are thought to live – by any religion – to live in the pithru loka for some time and either be reborn as any being or go to lokas like deva loka, vaikunta etc or even attain salvation by getting merger with God. The pithru loka is populated by three group of pithru-devas viz, vasu, rudra and adhithya. These devas receive our oblations and make them reach to our manes wherever they are and in whichever form they are. The pithru loka is supposed to be on the unseen side of the Moon. This portion gets exposed to Sun on the new moon days. It is according to our understanding an important time for the people populating pithru loka. These pithrus, since they have left the world, are solely dependent on their progeny only to feed them. This feeding is done through tarpanam. It is believed that if tarpanam is not performed, the pithru devas will curse us that we may not have male descendents to offer tarpanam to us.
On this auspicious day we do pithru tarpana at Thriveni Sangamam at Bhavani in Tamil Nadu. Those persons wanting to give thithi [remembering] for there ancestors it will receive multiple benefits hundreds of times, also dosha nivaran. If you have not performed tarpanam, or forget death anniversary for ancestors, If someone has not been able to perform shraddham for family deceased, then one single shraddha (for all) on this day is enough to appease all deceased souls in the family. If death anniversary of ancestors is not known or forgotten then those shraddhas can be performed on this tithi.
Tithi can be offered can be performed for the following:
- for Ancestors
- for pets and animals
- for any friends and relatives
Thanks and Best Regards,